The Serenissima Republic of Venice is the name of the city-state established next to Venice after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Its strategic commercial location in the Mediterranean Sea led it to develop economic and political power that lasted almost a thousand years. The Napoleonic invasion in 1797 meant the end of its heyday.
The conquest of America in the fifteenth century Y the fall of constantinople in 1453 they diverted attention from commercial activity from the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. This caused that Venice began to lose influence and its activity diminished remarkably.
Nevertheless, the intrigues of power they were not unrelated to the case of the Serenissima Republic of Venice. Towards the beginning of the 17th century, a maneuver was conceived between the Hispanic monarchy and Venice, whose most outstanding character was the Marquis of Bedmar, who was the Spanish ambassador in Venice.
Spanish pressure in Venice
Venice was a stumbling block for European trade, due to its consolidated independence and strategic location. Spain needed the land communication routes that Venice hindered.
In turn, the city of water had some allies in Italian territory, and some that it had lost, such as the Savoia, in northern Italy. Carlos Manuel Savoia had approached France after the Treaty of Lyon that put an end to their clashes. This situation brought the Savoia family closer to Venice, with whom he would form an alliance.
In Venice itself was Ambassador Bedmar, whom Venice intended to expel. The viceroy of Sicily generated very important pressure against the Venetian naval fleet, which included serious attacks in which Venice lost many ships.
The Venice Conjuration
In this diplomatic scenario, Venice was very pressured by the Hispanic forces, for which he decided to denounce that an intrigue had been hatched against him by Spain to seize the city. This denunciation is known by the name of “Conjuration of Venice”.
However, there are dissenting historical voices that express that this complaint was not justified, but rather could be an inventiveness of the Venetian rulers to get rid of the pressures that Spain was exerting on its naval and mercantile operations.
In any case, history leaves the doubt as to whether it was an attempt at Spanish colonization or a Venetian commercial strategist. If you found this content interesting, you can share it with your friends and contacts.
What did you think of this little history lesson? Did you know about the alleged Venice Conjuration scam?