The enemy most feared by all fathers and mothers, as we know, is very particular. Here is his complete identity: small, very small, decidedly annoying and unlikely, once arrived, to leave. Have you guessed who we are talking about? Yes: the louse, which is the most common parasite in children’s communities. That is why we now offer you a basic guide to recognize and combat head lice.
Basic guide on head lice
In the kindergartens, nursery schools and primary schools the alarm usually goes off pediculosis , which makes the vast majority of parents fall into a tailspin . In fact, many, thanks to ancient popular beliefs, associate louse with poor personal hygiene and they are horrified when they decide to visit the head of their son or daughter.
Instead, it is good to know that there is no correlation between dirt and lice infestation, on the contrary, the cleaner the hair, the more able the parasite is to settle and deposit their eggs in the root of it.
Head lice infesting children and adults live thanks to close contact with humans, whose blood is the only possible food for them. They pick it up by making small pricks on the scalp that generate itching typical of pediculosis.
These parasitic insects they do not have wings nor are they able to jump. This means that the passage from one subject to another can take place either by direct contact between two heads or, more rarely, by the exchange of objects and clothing (such as combs, scarves or hats).
How to recognize head lice
The louse that normally infects the head of children lives thanks to direct contact with the human being and survives only 48 hours in the surrounding environmenton objects or even on animals.
Nevertheless, the life cycle of these insects parasites in humans is relatively short and it lasts about a month.
But how do lice present themselves? How to recognize them if you have never seen one?
To fight enemies effectively, it is good to know them. So let’s try to understand what the louse is like in its three stages of life, which are: nit, nymph and adult.
The eggs are anchored in the first centimeters of the hair and appear as very small, clear and slightly opalescent dots, de approximately 1 mm, which, at first glance, could be confused with dandruff. Unlike dandruff, however, nits are firmly attached to the hair and do not come off easily. Slightly shaking the hair, it will be possible to verify the nature of any findings on the head of our son.
To the hatch, the eggs give rise to nymphs which appear as very small immature forms of the insect with a russet.
As they grow, the nymphs will become adults measuring about 2-3 mmy your color it will darken, turning almost black.
Know the possible forms of the parasite and its life cycle It is without a doubt the first step for an effective control, as well as an excellent starting point to combat any infestation in an adequate way.
Check the children’s heads
The only way to detect head lice is check children’s heads frequently.
The first symptom of pediculosis is itchingcaused by insect bites.
Therefore, if you notice that your child scratches his head frequently or you have redness and chafing on your skin from scratching, it’s definitely worth a look.
You should do the same when you have knowledge of any case of pediculosis what happened in the school of his son .
For effective control, it is best to position yourself near a good source of natural light, such as near a window. It is also possible to help in the operation with a magnifying glass and a very fine-toothed comb. The favorite areas of lice? the hairlinethe area behind the ear and the nape.
Lice: how to prevent them
As already noted, the only really effective prevention is control of the child’s head, It should be practiced at least twice a week.
There are also several on the market natural products (shampoos, oils and sprays) dedicated to protect head from parasite.
Do not underestimate the old “grandma’s remedies” that can be used with total peace of mind if unwanted guests are around the school. One especially consists of rinse the hair of the little ones at bath time with white or apple vinegar, whose smell apparently does not particularly like lice.
These traditional and totally ecological treatments can be excellent allies in the war against liceeven if its effectiveness is never 100% guaranteed.
Lice: what to do in case of infection
If you spot the dreaded lice on your child’s head, don’t panic. With a little patience and the right moves, we can kill lice in a short time.
In case of infestation, first it must be said that the whole family should be treated simultaneously with one of the specific products from the market, even if no nits or bugs are visible on the heads of other family members. In fact, if the treatment is not carried out at the same time, there is a risk that the parasites will continue to transmit each other.
For the treatment to be successful, it will be necessary proceed to preventive removal of nits , using a fine tooth comb and dampening hair that will have to be divided into strands.
In addition, since the ovicidal treatment is always 100% effective, it is recommended repeat the application one week after the first and continue to systematically control the garment.
not only people, also the house will have to be “treated”, since lice are capable of surviving on the objects that surround us for about 48 hours. How? All the clothing and textiles let them in in contact with the hair must wash at a temperature equal to or greater than 60 °to ensure that any unwanted presence in the surrounding environment is carefully eradicated.
So calm, patience, precision and a lot of awareness they are the ingredients that will allow you to be victorious in the war against lice.