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Donetsk and Lugansk in the eye of the storm.. Learn their story

Putin’s decision came, on Monday evening, after deliberations in the Russian National Security Council, against the backdrop of the Ukraine crisis.

The decision was condemned by Kiev and the West, on the grounds that it detracted from the territorial integrity of Ukraine.

Donetsk and Lugansk are a region in Ukraine known as Donbas, with an area of ​​52,000 square kilometers and a population of more than 4 million people.

The majority of the population is Ukrainian with 57 percent, compared to 38 percent of Russian origin, but the predominant language is Russian.

The region bordering Russia and located in the east of Ukraine is rich in natural resources and vast agricultural areas.

The British Encyclopedia Britannica says that Donbass represents a large mining and industrial area, and what distinguishes it from the huge reserves of coal (estimated at about 60 billion tons) of high quality.

The fighting in the region began after the Crimean War, in which Russia annexed the Crimea in 2014, and during the fighting, Moscow loyalists managed to control a third of urban areas in Donetsk and Lugansk.

The fighting since 2014, has left more than 14,000 people dead, and the cease-fire agreements known as the Minsk agreements were unable to stop the bloodshed there.

The two separatist republics did not obtain any international recognition, even Moscow recognized them only on both of them, and in recent years preferred to provide them with support.

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