What is psychotic depression and its treatment?

Dubai (news now) 02/10/2022 22:10

Psychotic depression separates a person from reality

  • People with psychosis hear voices, or may have strange, irrational thoughts
  • How is psychotic depression treated?

Depression Psychotic illness is a subtype of major depression that occurs when severe depressive illness includes a form of psychosis. Psychosis may be hallucinations (such as hearing a voice telling you that you are not good or worthless), delusions (such as intensely feeling worthless or committing a sin), or other detachment from reality. Psychotic depression affects approximately one in four people who are hospitalized with depression. In the following lines, we review together the symptoms of psychotic depression, according to the medical website WebMed.

People with psychosis hear voices, or may have strange, irrational thoughts; For example, they believe that others can hear their thoughts or try to harm them, or they believe they are possessed by Satan or that they are wanted by the police for a crime they did not actually commit. People with psychotic depression can become angry for no apparent reason, or they may spend a lot of time alone or in bed, sleeping during the day and staying awake at night. A person with psychotic depression may ignore appearance by not showering or changing clothes, or it may be difficult to talk to the person, sometimes barely talking or saying things that don’t make sense. People with other mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, also have psychosis, but people with psychotic depression usually have delusions or hallucinations consistent with depressive themes (such as worthlessness or failure). While the psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia are often strange or implausible and have no clear connection to mood, people with psychotic depression may also experience humiliation or shame about thoughts and try to hide them, and doing so makes this type of disorder difficult to diagnose. Depression. Note that the diagnosis is very important, as its treatment may differ from the treatment of non-psychotic depression, and having a single episode of psychotic depression increases the chance of developing bipolar disorder accompanied by repeated episodes of psychotic depression, mania, and even suicide.

Psychotic depression is usually treated in a hospital, with the patient closely monitored by mental health professionals, where various medications are used to stabilize a person’s mood, including combinations of antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs. Antipsychotic drugs affect neurotransmitters that allow communication between neurons in areas of the brain that regulate the ability to perceive and organize information about the world around us, and there are a number of antipsychotic drugs or antipsychotics in common use today. Treatment for psychotic depression is very effective, as the person can usually recover within several months, but continued medical follow-up may be necessary. If medications do not work to end psychosis and depression, sometimes electroconvulsive therapy is used. It is important for the patient to work with the doctor to find the most effective medications with the fewest side effects. Because psychotic depression is very serious, it can lead to suicide.

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